Kamal Nayan Bajaj Diabetology Research Centre

KEM Diabetology Research Centre has a national and international reputation for its research on why Indians are more susceptible to diabetes. We have conducted a number of studies with adults, children and pregnant women. These studies have popularised the concept that the risk of diabetes and heart disease is established in the mother's womb.

The Unit has become famous by describing the 'thin-fat' body composition of Indians which increases their risk of diabetes. We also described the role of maternal nutrition (particularly of vitamins B12 and folate) in increasing this risk. We have internationally comparable expertise and state of the art infrastructure to make relevant scientific contributions and have established collaborations with leading experts in this field. Various techniques of body composition measurements are available at Diabetes Unit such as Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA), Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) and anthropometry.

Please visit our Research Page for a more detailed view of our individual studies.


Year Event
1987 Wellcome Diabetes Study
1991 Pune Children Study
1993 Pune Maternal Nutrition Study (PMNS)
1999 Gestational Diabetes (GDM) Study
2000 Coronary Risk and Insulin Sensitivity in Indian Subjects (CRISIS) Study
2000 Maternal Origins of Diabetes in India (MODI) Study (PMNS Follow up)    
2004 IAEA B12 Study
2006 Vitamin B12 Supplementation
2007 Neural Tube Defects Study
2009 Type 1 Diabetes Study
2010 B12 Supplementation Study